Louis Menand

Anne T. and Robert M. Bass Professor of English.

James Joyce
Paris, 1921

These “placards” are the proofs that were sent to Joyce by his French printers. It has been estimated that Joyce wrote thirty percent of Ulysses on proofs sheets, which helps account for the hundreds of typos that disfigured the text. Editors have been trying to correct these errors ever since. I bring my students to Houghton every year so they can examine these extraordinary artifacts.

18.5 L x 29 W (in)
MS Eng 160.4 (178). Gift of Marian Willard Johnson, 1968